HIGH DENSITY AT A HUMAN SCALE
Much has been written on the housing crisis, but it is clear that many of those who make the city function and thrive can no longer afford to live here. As a professional working within the built environment industry, I believe it is critical not just to deliver more units, but provide a wide range of alternatives that form homes and inspiring places that are socially and economically sustainable.
It is clear we urgently need large scale change, but it is important not to neglect the details of quality of life, well-being, sense of belonging, urban vitality, character of place and community relations. Through our Intimate Series initiative, we propose “High Density at a Human scale”; an approach to housing-led development centered on how a place is experienced by those that will use it.
However it is not offering design as a singular solution to multi-faceted, deeply complex problems, but is instead intended as a springboard to open up discussion and questions. It asks, can we create solutions with impact, but which are also relevant and meaningful to people, to create places that are simply enjoyable to be in?
We have developed this research following a roundtable on the outline concepts with GLA officials at City Hall, which led to three strands of investigation; Intimate Infrastructure, Intimate Homes and Intimate Neighbourhoods - LDN*NYC, a new cross-city research project on place-making.
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INTIMATE INFRASTRUCTURE: SEVEN STRATEGIES FOR HIGH DENSITY AT HUMAN SCALE
As a high-level approach, the Intimate Infrastructure principles have been developed with the flexibility to be adapted and applied to a wide range of schemes, contexts and mix of uses rather than being a “one-size-fits-all” model.
1. Embrace the sharing economy and pool resources to maximize not only land but sociability too
Contemporary models of collective living are becoming increasingly commonplace; from co-housing becoming more widespread in the UK, the continued success of co-living cooperatives in Europe to newer trends of shared hotel-style renting in New York and London. By breaking free from traditional concepts of home ownership, it is possible to capitalise on shared resources as well as desires for more convivial lifestyles.
2. Respond to pressing and future needs to develop relevant solutions
There are many groups vulnerable to the current housing situation, from local communities at risk from displacement, to private renters who cannot access home-ownership. A growing concern is providing the ageing population with a wider range of solutions to suit different lifestyles and reduce isolation. The Intimate Infrastructure model proposes creating new housing typologies that are highly responsive to specific needs, such as a purpose-built “shared house” for private renters, an update on the traditional family home and solutions for older generations who want to actively remain part of city life.
3. Truly combine typologies and tenures to make successful and sustainable communities
Cities are not homogenous. By combine different tenures and groups, schemes can provide a range of different conditions to suit people at different stages in life, incomes and lifestyle preferences. However, proximity doesn’t necessarily lead to social cohesion and there are also challenges in managing common spaces. However by providing and emphasizing shared spaces for all groups, there can be greater opportunities for interaction and chance encounter.
4. Catalyse connectedness to build a sense of belonging
In tandem with the physical infrastructure for urban densification, social infrastructure must be considered to support strong communities. By providing a range of public and semi-public amenities within a development, it can be better connected to its surroundings and the wider community, giving people more opportunity to participate in communal life.
5. Create distinctive, liveable places to enhance quality of life
For high density environments, the qualities of a place become even more critical in order to avoid mass housing delivered as generic, homogenous environments. The way buildings are defined plays a key role in making distinctive places and dynamic, visually diverse settings for life. By considering smaller scale details, articulating individual dwellings, creating rhythm in a street through proportions and responding to the character of an existing location, the design of a place can contribute significantly towards a well-loved environment which is enjoyable to be in.
6. Overlap generations, uses and adaptability to build resilience
A diverse and vibrant city needs not only a dense mix of activities and people but also an architecture that has the capacity to adapt with changing needs. At the neighbourhood scale, combining places for people to live, work and play creates a critical mass of activity, sustaining businesses and vibrant, lived-in public spaces. In the Intimate Infrastructure model, residential typologies are modular in sizes, enabling them to easily be combined to provide for people at all stages of life and be woven together with a wide variety of uses.
7. Innovate new ideas of living for changing patterns of life
The way boundaries between spaces are defined can give privacy but also enable interactions between people. By using social relations as the generator for the design of homes, new ways of living can be innovated which have an emphasis on the connections, relationships and interactions between people to address the challenges of modern living.
TOOLKIT FOR NEW PROTOTYPES
We are looking to carry on the conversation with a range of partners who are have related interests and shared aspirations.
Can we create places to fit people, and not the other way around?
If you are interested in finding out more about the Intimate Series research and toolkits, please contact email@example.com